A hurler prepares to take a shot from picking the sliotar from the ground with the hurley.

Camogie Rules: A Beginner’s Guide

We are going to take a wild guess and say that you have not heard of the sport camogie. If you have heard of hurling, you will understand the game of camogie with some changes. If you haven’t heard of either sport, buckle up and we will do our best to explain the rules of camogie.

Table of Contents
    Add a header to begin generating the table of contents

    History Of Camogie

    Camogie, a traditional Irish sport, holds a proud history spanning over a century. Only played by women, it shares similarities with hurling, which is played by the men. Originating in County Cork during the late 1800s, Camogie captured the hearts of Irish enthusiasts. In 1904, the formation of the first official Camogie association marked a significant milestone, leading to the continuous growth and evolution of the sport.

    What Is A Hurler? What Type Of Equipment Is In Camogie?

    In hurling, a player is a hurler and the ball is a sliotar. On the field, each team consists of 15 hurlers. Typically, you’ll find one goalkeeper, six defensive hurlers (full-backs and half-backs), two mid-field hurlers, and six offensive hurlers (forwards and half-forwards).

    Camogie rules requires a hurler to have a helmet with a faceguard and a hurley in accordance to IS:355 or an equivalent standard by the National Safety Authority of Ireland (NSAI).

    Additionally, each woman must don a skirt, skort, or divided skirt, along with a sports jersey, knee socks, and boots.

    During a game, the camogie rules allow a team to substitute up to 5 hurlers. If the match ends in a tie and proceeds to extra time, a team can substitute a maximum of 3 hurlers during the extra period.

    This rule applies irrespective of whether the team has already made a substitution during the regular game.

    Once a team has substituted a hurler, she is ineligible to re-enter the game unless the referee requests a temporary substitution for an injured hurler or one with visible blood. If the hurler is cleared to return, they can replace the temporary substitute.

    A senior inter-county camogie match is overseen by eight officials: the referee, two linesmen, a sideline official, and four umpires. The referee takes charge of the game, making crucial decisions on fouls, awarding free shots, managing time, and issuing yellow and red cards. The linesmen indicate the team that last touched the sliotar before it went out of bounds. Two umpires stand behind each goal, signaling whether a point or goal counts. The sideline official handles managing substitutions and overseeing stoppage time.

    What Fouls Are There In Camogie?

    There are two types of fouls in camogie: technical foul and aggressive fouls.

    Technical Fouls

    • Throw the sliotar

    • Handpass the sliotar by throwing it instead of tapping it

    • Lift the sliotar off the ground with your knees

    • Lie on the sliotar

    • Touch the sliotar on the ground with a hand

    • Catching the sliotar more than twice off the hurley before playing it away

    • Releasing the sliotar and catching it without touching it against the hurley (self-pass)

    • Committing offsides

    • Hurler runs more than 4 steps with the sliotar in his hand

    Aggressive Fouls

    • Pull down an opposing hurler

    • Push, kick, trip, hold, or strike an opponent with hands, arms, leg, foot or hurley

    • Hold an opponent with hands or arms

    • Deliberately touch a hurler with the hurley

    • Reach for the sliotar with the hurley over another hurler

    • Deliberately throw the hurley in the air or at another hurler

    • Spit on an opposing hurler

    • Engage in reckless behavior

    • Threaten or abuse an opponent physically and/or verbally

    • Use hurley of incorrect size

    • Play without helmet

    Usually, when a player commits a technical foul, the opposing team gets the ball with no issued card. On the other hand, if a player commits an aggressive foul, the referee can award a free puck or penalty puck and decide whether to show no card, a yellow card, or a red card depending on the severity of the incident. If a hurler gets one red card or two yellow cards, the referee can eject them from the game.

    How Long Is A Camogie Match? What Is The Size Of The Field?

    Camogie rules state that the pitch should measure 145 meters in length and 85 meters in width. At each end is a goal towering at a height of 2.5 meters and spanning 6.5 meters wide. The goal posts themselves extend 6 meters above the crossbar.

    The game itself unfolds in two halves, each lasting 30 minutes, with a delightful 15-minute halftime intermission to refuel and regroup.

    How Do You Score In Camogie?

    Scoring in camogie involves two distinct methods: goals and points. A goal, worth three points, is achieved when the hurler propels the sliotar beneath the crossbar and into the net. On the other hand, a point is earned by striking the sliotar above the crossbar and between the goal posts. In the realm of camogie, the possibility exists to secure a goal and/or a point through the act of hand-passing whereas this is not allowed in hurling.

    What Are The Phases Of A Camogie Match?

    The aim of the game is to score the most goals and points.

    The game begins with the referee doing a throw-in between four players facing back to back.

    A team can move the sliotar down the field by hand-pass, passing via the hurley through the air or hitting the sliotar on the ground, and solo runs.

    A solo run is when a hurler runs with the sliotar balanced or bouncing on the hurley. This is an advanced way to move the sliotar and is one of the ways to allow a player to maintain possession of the sliotar.

    A player can attempt to block a shot with the hurley as long as it is not swung at the opponent.

    If an aggressive foul occurs inside the penalty area, the referee awards the non-penalized team a penalty puck. However, if the aggressive foul occurs outside of the penalty area, the non-penalized team receives a free puck at the 45 m line or the spot of the foul.

    If the match ends in a tie, the game will go into extra time if the tournament allows it. In contrast, if it’s not a tournament, then the match will result in a tie.

    Camogie Competitions and Tournaments

    There are several Camogie competitions and tournaments held throughout the year, both at the local and national level. Moreover, some of the most popular competitions include the All-Ireland Senior Camogie Championship and the Camogie Association Club Championship.


    Wonderful. You made it through and you learned about the premier sport for Camogie Association. You are well on you rway to become knowledgeable about camogie rules. Take the opportunity to relish a match and apply all that you’ve gleaned from this piece. Should you find this article delightful, feel free to share it with others.